One of the land marks of Australia
is the Sydney Opera House located in Sydney. Sydney is the city with
the most population in Australia; it is also the state capital of
New South Wales. Some of the most visited places in Sydney are
Harbour Bridge, Sydney Harbour and also its beaches too. Sydney was
founded in 1788 by Arthur Philip at Sydney Cove.
Brisbane and Ayers Rock are places a
lot visited by tourists visiting Australia. Around sixty percent of
the population are concentrated in and around Melbourne, Perth,
Adelaide, Sydney and Brisbane. The Spaniards were the first European
to sail the Pacific Ocean. The name of the country comes from the
Latin Australis which means Southern.
It is estimated
around 45,000 years ago that human habitation started in Australia. It
is thought that the first Australians were probably ancestors of the
modern Indigenous Australians. The Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon was
the first European who sighted the Australian mainland. When the
European settled on Australia the Indigenous population was estimated at
350,000 and 150 years after declined a lot because of infectious
Cape York Peninsula was sighted by
Willem Janszoon in 1606 and during the sevebteenth century the Dutch
charted the northern and western coastlines and called it New Holland
but didn’t try to settle. James Cook sailed in 1770 along the east coast
and named it New South Wales.
Australia is divided into six states
and two mainland territories. The states are: South Australia, Victoria,
Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland and Tasmania and the
territories are the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern
Territory. Each territory and state has its own parliament or
legislature. Australia is a constitutional democracy. The Queen
Elizabeth II is also the queen of Australia.
Australia is one of the countries of
the world which attracts a large number of visitors every year. Visitors
can learn about the Aborigines and their ancestors and how they lived in
the past. There are still nowadays part of the population living without
any luxuries in nature.
Australia is the smallest continent in the
world with numerous small islands around it located in the
southern hemisphere. The capital city is Canberra but the largest city
of Australia is Sydney. The Aborigines were the first inhabitants of the
big island. Australia is known in the world as he land of koalas and
The greatest number of reptiles
species are found in Australia than in any part of the world. There is
around seven hundred and fifty five species living in Australia. Many
species of animals are threatened by human activities. Among the woody
plants species are found eucalypts and acacias. The famous Australian
fauna are the monotremes which are mammals. The marsupial which includes
the koala, the kangaroo and the wombat are also part of Australian’s
fauna. Australia is also the place in the world where are found the most
venomous snakes. After the first human settlement in Australia many
plants and animals became extinct.
There are in Australia different zoo
that are open to public where can be seen various animals from
Australia, the most popular zoo is the Australia Zoo which is the home
of the Crocodile Hunter, Steven Irwin. The Australia Zoo is located in
Queensland which was opened by Bob and Lyn Irwin, parents of Steven
Irwin. Steven Irwin died in September 2006 while snorkelling at the
Great Barrier Reef, his chest was pierced by a stingray. His widow Teri
Irwin still owes the Australia Zoo which is still open to public.
The first inhabitants of Australia
are the Indigenous Australians; usually they are distinguished as Torres
Strait Islanders or Aboriginal people which are nowadays around 2.6% of
the population of the Australian continent. Mungo Man are the first
evidence of human habitation dated about forty thousand years. There is
debate among the researches who estimate it at different time.
Australia is a country with various attractions and
so many places to see. A holiday trip in Australia is never boring.
Most popular attractions are Sydney Opera House, Museum of Sydney,
Harbour Bridge, Taronza Zoo, Perth, Kings Park, Perth Zoo, Perth
Mint, Perth Beaches, Queensland and its zoo, Fitzroy in Melbourne,
Melbourne Museum. For those who love nature there is enough eco
tourism places in Australia. Dive, swim and snorkel the Great
Barrier Reef is an unforgettable experience. The Great Barrier Reef
is part of the World Heritage.