Beijing is the capital city of the
Republic of China. In the past it was known as Peking in English, lot of
people are also confused because of the change of name. The Republic of
China is divided into sixteen districts and two counties. After
Shanghai, Beijing is the second largest city of the country. Beijing is
very busy city and is the main point of numerous international flights
to the Republic of China. Beijing is the main transportation area with
loads of motorways, railways and roads. The capital city also hosted in
2008 the Olympic Games. The word Beijing means northern capital. To the
Chinese Postal Map Romanization, Beijing is the name of the city.
Several times the city has been renamed, in Jin Dynasty the city was
called Zhongdu, during the rule of Mongol Yuan Dynasty the city was
known as Dadu for the Chinese and Daidu to the Mongols. In the history
of China it is said that the earliest trace of humanity are found in
near the village of Zhoukoudian in the caves of Dragon Bone Hill.